# Fraction flowchart

Use this flow chart to explain how to add, subtract, multiply or divide with mixed numbers and fractions.

Can the fractions be simplified?

- Simplify the fractions where possible

Does the sum contain mixed numbers?

Are you adding/subtracting or multiplying/dividing the mixed numbers?

Are you adding/subtracting or multiplying/dividing the fractions?

- Add or subtract the whole numbers first.
- Convert the remaining fractions to a common denominator.
- Add or subtract the numerators
- Simplify by borrowing from or adding to the whole number if required

- Convert the fraction to improper (top heavy) fractions

- Convert the fractions to a common denominator.
- Add or subtract the numerators (top number)
- Leave the denominator as it is!

Are you multiplying or dividing the fractions?

- Convert the fractions to a common denominator.
- Add or subtract the numerators (top number)
- Leave the denominator as it is!

- Multiply the numerators (top numbers) together
- Multiply the denominators (bottom numbers) together

- Flip the second fraction over.